There are a number of medical drugs that are available in both tablet and liquid form and used for oral administration. These drugs can also be administered through an injection into a large muscle, that is to say intravenously, in a hospital setting.
What is interesting to note is that many medicinal drugs cause euphoria by triggering the pleasure centers of the brain whilst blocking pain. Unfortunately, drug abuse by a patient may go undetected for some time.
Drug Abuse Side-Effects
The sign of drug abuse which is most apparent is when a person uses the drug in question frequently. Another sign of drug abuse is when the individual needs to take an increased dose to get the same relief as when it was first taken. The result of these two scenarios usually involves the person becoming dependent on the drug. Once an individual has exhibited these two initial signs, then any effort to abruptly stop taking the drug will inevitably lead to the onset of withdrawal symptoms, a situation which can be very serious.
These withdrawal symptoms refer to the negative reactions of the body once a way of operating which has become routine is suddenly halted. During the period of drug abuse, the body gets used to a particular routine. This is the basis of the phenomenon known as tolerance. When this routine is abruptly changed, it alters the habits that the person’s body has adjusted to, the body reacts badly and the person suffering from drug addiction will experience withdrawal symptoms.
This phenomenon of tolerance refers to the frequent use of a drug to the point where the body becomes accustomed to the effects of the drug and no longer produces any unique or sensational feeling each time the drug is administered. it is a form of resistance which is developed by the body towards the drug.
In the case of an addicted person, this does not auger well. The addict will have to either increase the dose of the drug or the frequency at which he or she takes the drug, all in complete and utter disregard of prescription instructions. All of this is in an effort to bring back the sensational effect that was present before the body developed ‘tolerance’.
As one increases the dosage and the frequency in an effort to satisfy the addiction, so the tolerance level increases. It will get to a point where the addict will need to increase the dose and frequency again and again. When done repeatedly, it creates a vicious cycle which is, essentially, the basis of addiction, and can lead to an overdose of the drug.
Physical Drug Addiction Symptoms
- Cold and clammy skin
- Respiratory depression
- Skeletal muscle flaccidity
- Extreme somnolence progressing to stupor or coma
If any of the aforementioned characteristics are noted, they are a clear indication that intervention is needed in dealing with the problem of drug abuse in a person’s life.